“A man who suffers or stresses before it is necessary, suffers more than is necessary.” – Seneca Nation of Indians (SNI), one of the six tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy who occupy aboriginal lands in New York State set aside by the Treaty of Canandaigua of 1794.
What is presentation anxiety? At www.brookes.ac.uk it is defined as a response to fear that manifests itself in a number of physical ways such as: blushing, shaking, stuttering, sweating, being tongue tied and mental confusion. With those public speaking side effects, is it any wonder that some people may fear public speaking more than death itself?
“As soon as possible if you have to give an impromptu speech begin jotting things down immediately and make an outline that you can follow,” said Lourdes Servantes, placement specialist at The University of Texas-Pan American’s Career Placement Services Office. “Be sure to control your voice tones or rate of speech. Speaking fast influences your thoughts causing them to race. By controlling and slowing down your speech it prevents you from stumbling over words and racing through your presentation which can come across as being nervous and unprepared.”
English Channel, a tutorial website for students and teachers of business English, identifies reasons why many people are afraid of public speaking. Most speakers have two kinds of fears – fears about the audience and fears about themselves – that shake their sense of self-esteem affecting their performance. Some fears about the audience may be the following:
- they will see that I am fearful
- they will hear my mistakes
- they will not understand what I mean
- they will dislike me
- I do not have the necessary skills
- I will make mistakes
- I will forget what I wanted to say
- I will be very nervous and the audience will know it
If your fears are in this list you should feel relieved already. It means that your fears are very common and that most speakers share these same fears. Peter Murphy, a peak performance consultant and author of a free weekly ezine about communicating under pressure, reported on a technique to help alleviate public speaking anxiety. Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP) is the study of how people represent experiences, real or imagined, to themselves internally and the corresponding effect of this on their nervous system functions. Dr. Richard Bandler, a Gestalt therapist, and John Grinder, a respected linguist, jointly developed NLP in the 1970s. Today these NLP strategies are used around the world by therapists and business executives to cope with pressure and to perform at their best when they need to. An easy to learn NLP technique called “anchoring” is a simple way to change any negative feelings to a positive feeling in a matter of moments. When you create an anchor you set up a stimulus response pattern so that you can feel the way you want to, whenever you need to. Steps to creating a powerful anchor are:
1. Identify the emotional state you want e.g. confidence, calmness, enthusiasm. This step is crucial, you need to define very specifically how you want to feel.
2. Recall a particular time in your life when you felt the desired state. Pick a powerful example. It is worthwhile looking back at your memories to relive times when you had this desired state, the context is unimportant, what is important is recalling a few particularly strong experiences and then selecting the most powerful one.
3. Create state: In your imagination put yourself back into that experience as if it is happening in this moment. Notice what you see, hear what you were hearing, feel what you were feeling
Steps to creating a powerful anchor are:
- Identify the emotional state you want e.g. confidence, calmness, enthusiasm. This step is crucial, you need to define very specifically how you want to feel.
- Recall a particular time in your life when you felt the desired state. Pick a powerful example. It is worthwhile looking back at your memories to relive times when you had this desired state, the context is unimportant, what is important is recalling a few particularly strong experiences and then selecting the most powerful one.
- Create state: In your imagination put yourself back into that experience as if it is happening in this moment. Notice what you see, hear what you were hearing, feel what you were feeling in the moment. Allow it to be as if it is happening.
- Establish anchors: Notice how the state builds to a peak and then declines. Now repeat step three only this time just as the state is about to peak, make a unique gesture with the fingers of one hand as you say a word or phrase to evoke the feeling, while also visualizing an image that represents the state. i.e. clench your left fist as you softly say to yourself ICE COOL while you picture someone who represents calmness for you i.e. a Buddhist monk. Hold the state for a few moments, release the anchors and then break state (change your emotional state by thinking about something completely different and by changing your posture). Repeat this five times.
- Test the anchors by firing them (make the unique gesture, say the word/phrase, picture the person that represents calmness) and check that
you do experience the desired state.
To make sure your anchoring works as well as possible you need to learn about the secrets to powerful anchoring. There are six distinctions that will strengthen your anchoring skills.
1. Only anchor an intense state i.e. a strongly felt experience.
2. Pick an experience that is pure and not mixed with other feelings.
3. Use unique anchors so the state is only accessed at will.
4. Timing is crucial, fire the anchors before the peak and release before the peak declines.
5. Spend time at anchoring to become skillful. Allow 20-30 minutes per session.
6. Reinforce periodically to keep the anchor strong since the intensity may fade over time.
Using anchors can make a massive difference in your ability to speak in public. Instead of hoping you will feel capable when you next need to express yourself, just fire your anchor and in a moment feel the way you want to feel. This technique can help during a presentation “black out.” Sometimes when presenting, a speaker may have a “black out” or momentary loss of focus and train of thought, but there are strategies to help maneuver through such moments.
- Use your anchor to try to get back on track.
- Stop and admit you have a black out.
- Pause. Then think back to the point you discussed before the black out and start again from there.
- Look at material that you have; cue-cards, transparencies, notes. Ask the audience where you were.
- Skip the point you were going to discuss and continue with the next point.
- Make a joke (which you prepared in advance). For example: “if you don’t know what’s happening, don’t worry, neither do I.”
- Take a subject that you are familiar with or (even better) expert at.
- Take a subject that is current.
- Take a subject about which you have a clear opinion.
- Take a subject that is not too general or too specific. So don’t try to do a presentation on the economy of the United States in 15 minutes. General subjects should be narrowed down.
1. Exercise three to five times per week to elevate your heart rate for 15-45 minutes. Check with your doctor before beginning an exercise program if you have been inactive for a long while.
2. Eat regular meals.
3. Practice positive self-talk.
4. Don’t use drugs of any sort (alcohol, stimulants, even too much caffeine) to “get through” it can adversely affect performance leaving you even less able to perform well.
“Its not stress that kills us, it is our reaction to it.” – Dr. Hans Selye, pioneer of stress research in the 1930s (1907 -1982)